Henry Molaison – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Henry Gustav Molaison (February 26, 1926 – December 2, 2008), known widely asH.M., was an American memory disorder patient who had a bilateral medial temporallobectomy to surgically remove the anterior two thirds of his hippocampi,parahippocampal cortices, entorhinal cortices, piriform cortices, and amygdalae in an attempt to cure his epilepsy. He was widely studied from late 1957 until his death in 2008.[1][2] His case played a very important role in the development of theories that explain the link between brain function and memory, and in the development ofcognitive neuropsychology, a branch of psychology that aims to understand how the structure and function of the brain relates to specific psychological processes. He resided in a care institute located in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, where he was the subject of ongoing investigation.[3]


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